La Commission TAXE (Luxleaks) du Parlement européen et l’accès aux documents

JC Juncker donne enfin accès en ce début février à des documents jusqu’ici protégés jalousement :
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Ce vendredi 26 novembre, on comprend que la Commission TAXE va continuer pour 6 mois : attention au mandat 

Successor to Special Committee on Tax Rulings

OTHERS Press release – Taxation26-11-2015 – 13:16

 

The Conference of Presidents of political groups has decided today, with the vote in favour of all political groups, to set up a temporary committee to follow up on the work done by the Special Committee on Tax Rulings, which looked into the tax rulings practised by various EU member states. The new committee will last six months. Its precise mandate will be decided at a special meeting of the Conference of Presidents next Wednesday, following negotiations between the experts of the political groups, and submitted for approval by the plenary on the very same day. It should be based on that of the previous tax rulings committee. The group leaders also recommended that the composition of the new committee should be the same as that of the old one.

The tax rulings committee’s final report was approved by Parliament as a whole on Wednesday 25 November. In the resolution which went with the report, Parliament set out its ideas on how to make corporate taxes fairer across Europe and urged EU member states to agree on mandatory country-by-country reporting by multinationals of profits and taxes, a common consolidated corporate tax base, common definitions for tax terms and more transparency and accountability with regard to their – so far secret – national tax “rulings” for companies.

REF. : 20151126IPR04899
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Pas de prolongation, disait-on pour la Commission Spéciale Taxe ?

Qui veut protéger Juncker et Djisselbloem ?

Philippe Lamberts, Eva Joly et Sven Giegold tiendront une conférence de presse mercredi à 16h pour faire le point sur les derniers développements
Cette conférence de presse sera accessible en ligne: www.greens-efa.eu/ep-tax-investigation-prolongation-blocked-by-political-groups-14858.html

Que s’est-il passé ?

Ce lundi, les groupes S&D et PPE réaffirmaient pleinement leur soutien à la prolongation, en l’état, de la Commission spéciale TAXE. Pourtant, mardi, à l’initiative de la direction du groupe socialiste, des représentants des S&D, EPP et ALDE se sont rencontrés pour proposer la fin de l’actuelle Commission Spéciale et son remplacement par une Commission basée sur un mandat très fortement affaibli (1)

Pour Philippe LAMBERTS, Président du Groupe Verts/ALE:
« Le scandale Luxleaks semble être pour certains de l’histoire ancienne. À l’abri des regards, il est aujourd’hui proposé de mettre fin à toute enquête permettant d’établir la responsabilité des différents acteurs qui ont permis à l’injustice fiscale de devenir la norme en Europe. Dans la nouvelle proposition, il ne s’agit plus « d’enquêter et d’analyser » mais de « faire un travail d’information » sur l’optimisation fiscale. Que le Parlement renonce à exercer son contrôle démocratique est un coup rude pour les citoyens européens et contribuables qui ont droit à ce que la lumière soit faite sur cet évitement massif de l’impôt par les Multinationales. Mais aujourd’hui, il est proposé de ne plus chercher à savoir qui a permis à Google, Facebook, Amazon et autres compagnies de ne pas payer des milliards d’euros d’impôt. Certains responsables politiques particulièrement concernés, tels que Jean-Claude Juncker et Jeroen Dijsselbloem, seraient ainsi à l’abri de tout complément d’enquête. « 

Pour la Vice-présidente de la Commission spéciale TAXE, Eva JOLY:

« Le président du Parlement Européen Martin Schulz est à la manœuvre. Son service juridique a participé à une réunion officieuse avec des représentants PPE, S&D et ADLE hier soir (2). Les groupes Verts/ALE et GUE/NGL qui sont à l’origine de la création de la Commission spéciale et à son extension, en ont été exclus. Il est incroyable de voir le groupe socialiste, parfois à son corps défendant sous pression de sa direction, devenir le premier frein à l’enquête sur le scandale fiscal. La confiance qui s’était instaurée est clairement mise à mal. Un nouveau mandat n’est ni nécessaire ni raisonnable. Le projet de rapport de la Commission TAXE aurait pu être voté sans empêcher le travail d’enquête de se poursuivre. Le mandat de la Commission spéciale telle qu’elle existe est suffisamment large pour poursuivre son travail. Il est encore temps pour chacun de revenir en arrière et d’oublier cet épisode pathétique. »

Plus loin après le texte de S.Giegold, l »invitation aux responsables des 3 groupes ainsi que le nouveau mandat proposé pour une autre commission spéciale sur l’évasion fiscale

communication ce 25 novembre de S.Giegold (Verts européens) :
EP tax investigation: Special committee extension blocked to protect
Juncker and Dijsselbloem.
Link, to spread this information on twitter/facebook:
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Philippe Lamberts, Sven Giegold and Eva Joly host a press conference on
the developments with the EP’s tax investigation at 16.00 today in the
press room in Strasbourg. It will be streamed at:
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A previous commitment by the socialist (S&D), Christian democrat (EPP)
and liberal (ALDE) political groups to extend the EP’s special
committee investigating taxation could be abandoned under plans from
the S&D group. The plan foresees replacing the current committee with a
new committee, based on a seriously restricted mandate. Commenting on
the development, Greens/EFA president Philippe Lamberts said:
« The EP’s investigation into tax scandals, revealed in Luxembourg
Leaks, would be brought to an abrupt end under these proposals from the
socialist group, with the support of the Christian democrat and liberal
political groups. The new committee they plan to create is based on a
limited mandate that will prevent proper investigation of the
revelations. Instead of ‘investigating and analysing’ tax dumping, as
the special committee did, the new committee should only carry out
‘information work’. This is a slap in the face to European citizens and
taxpayers who have a right to have this mass corporate tax avoidance
scandal properly investigated. Instead, there will be no clarity on
where the political responsibility lies for the billion Euro tax
dumping of Google, Amazon, Facebook and hundreds of other
multinationals. Those politicians directly implicated in the scandal,
like Jean-Claude Juncker and Jeroen Dijsselbloem, will be spared any
further investigation. »
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Greens/EFA coordinator in the TAXE committee Sven Giegold said:
« It is clear that EU Parliament president Martin Schulz is behind this.
His legal service met with representatives of the EPP, S&D and ALDE
groups in a backroom last night. The Greens/EFA and GUE/NGL groups,
which pushed for the creation of the committee and its extension, were
excluded. This is a shameful breach of confidence by the EP president
and the presidents of the EPP, S&D and ALDE groups. It is unfathomable
that the socialist group has played the lead role in blocking the
investigation of this tax scandal.
« A new mandate or committee is neither necessary nor sensible. The
report of the current committee could be voted and the work of the
committee could continue. The mandate of the existing committee is
broad enough to ensure its work could continue on the basis of the
earlier recommendations. »
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(1) Below is the text of the email inviting representatives of the
three groups to a meeting, along with the draft mandate for the new
special committee on taxation:
Sent: 24 November 2015 16:55
Subject: Short meeting today at 7 pm on TAXE special committee
________________________________________________
Dear Members and Colleagues,
On behalf of my President and in agreement with EPP and Alde
Presidents, I would like to invite you to a short meeting today at 7
pm today in Room LOW 04105 in order to fix the next steps for the TAXE
special committee.
(XXX, name of staff), Head of Unit of the presidency will give an
explanation on the legal aspects.
It would be appreciated if you could ensure your presence and confirm
by e-mail.
Many thanks and best wishes,
(signature of socialist secretariat)
Proposal for mandate
Draft mandate
The European Parliament,
1. Decides to set up a special committee (ex. article 197 of its
rule of procedure) on harmful corporate tax regimes and practices at
European and international level:
a. to extend and complete the information work carried out by the
special TAXE committee, in particular to keep requesting relevant
document for its work, including the minutes of the Code of Conduct
Group, to make the necessary contacts and hold hearings with the EU
institutions and national, European and international institutions and
fora, the national parliaments and governments of the Member States and
third countries, as well as representatives of the scientific
community, business and civil society, including the social partners;
in close cooperation with the standing committees;
b. to follow up the implementation of the TAXE report recommendations
by the Member States and all competent European and international
institutions including the OECD and G20;
2. Decides that the term of the office of the special committee shall
be 6 months, beginning on 1 December 2015.
3. The structure of the Special Committee on tax rulings and other
measures similar in nature or effect (TAXE) should be kept in the new
special committee.
4. Decides that the special committee shall have 45 members (as the
TAXE committee currently has)
5. Considers it appropriate that the special committee present a report
drafted by two co-rapporteurs.
The crucial paragraph of the existing mandate, highlighted by
Greens/EFA:
Mandate of the current special committee
1. Decides to set up a special committee on tax rulings and other
measures similar in nature or effect to examine practice in the
application of EU state aid and taxation law in relation to tax rulings
and other measures similar in nature or effect issued by Member States,
if such practice appears to be the act of a Member State or the
Commission;
2. Decides that the special committee shall be vested with the
following powers:
a) to analyse and examine practice in the application of Article 107(1)
of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) regarding
tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect issued by
Member States since 1 January 1991;
b) to analyse and assess the Commission’s practice of keeping under
constant review, pursuant to Article 108 TFEU, all systems of aid
existing in Member States, proposing to the Member States appropriate
measures required by the progressive development or by the functioning
of the internal market, checking whether aid granted by a State or
through State resources is compatible with the internal market and not
misused, deciding that the State concerned is to abolish or alter such
aid within a certain period of time, and referring the matter to the
Court of Justice of the European Union if the State concerned does not
comply, which has allegedly resulted in a high number of tax rulings
incompatible with EU state aid rules;
c) to analyse and examine compliance by Member States since 1 January
1991 with obligations set out in Council Regulation (EC) No 659/1999 of
22 March 1999 laying down detailed rules for the application of Article
108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union(1) ,
regarding the obligation to cooperate and provide all necessary
documents;
d) to analyse and examine compliance with the obligations set out in
Council Directive 77/799/EEC of 19 December 1977 concerning mutual
assistance by the competent authorities of the Member States in the
field of direct taxation and taxation of insurance premiums(2) and
Council Directive 2011/16/EU of 15 February 2011 on administrative
cooperation in the field of taxation and repealing Directive
77/799/EEC(3) , regarding communication by Member States to other
Member States since 1 January 1991, by spontaneous exchange, of
information on tax rulings;
e) to analyse and assess the Commission’s practice as regards the
proper application of Directives 77/799/EEC and 2011/16/EU regarding
communication by Member States to other Member States, by spontaneous
exchange, of information on tax rulings;
f) to analyse and assess compliance by the Member States with the
principle of sincere cooperation enshrined in Article 4(3) of the
Treaty on European Union, such as fulfilment of the obligations to
facilitate the achievement of the Union’s tasks and to refrain from any
measure which could jeopardise the attainment of the Union’s
objectives, given the alleged large scale of aggressive tax planning
facilitated by Member States, and the likely significant consequences
this has had on public finances of and in the EU;
g) to analyse and assess the third-country dimension of aggressive tax
planning carried out by companies established or incorporated in the
Member States, as well as the exchange of information with third
countries in this respect;
h) to make any recommendations that it deems necessary in this matter;
Complete mandate of the special committee:
_________________
Sven Giegold MEP
I appreciate your support on facebook & twitter:
_______________________________________________
la marche arrière du S&D :
un article du Monde sur la séance de la Commission TAXE : Lesas
un article du Guardian :
et l’enregistrement de la séance de la Commission :
the European Parliament has finally decided to extend the TAXE committee’s mandate. Warm thanks to those of you who lobbied to make this happen 🙂
(com. T.Ryding – Eurodad)
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EP tax investigation: Special committee extension supported by
political groups  –
Link, to spread this information on twitter/facebook:
The mandate of the European Parliament’s special committee
investigating tax issues should be extended for six months, according
to the coordinators of the political groups, who took the decision
today. The conference of presidents of the political groups will now
consider the proposal on Thursday, following the initiative of the
Greens/EFA group. Commenting on the decision, Green economic and
finance spokesperson Sven Giegold said:
« This welcome decision to push for an extension of the committee’s
mandate is the only legitimate course of action. The investigative work
of the EU Parliament’s special committee on taxation is not complete,
with its work having been obstructed by lack of access to crucial
documents and incomplete cooperation by EU governments, the European
Commission and multinationals. Prolonging the investigation is the only
way to ensure Parliament fulfils its democratic scrutiny role and we
welcome the support of other groups for our initiative to this end. We
would now strongly urge the presidents of all political groups to
swiftly approve such an extension.
« It is only by accessing all the relevant information that the mandate
of the Parliament’s special committee can be fulfilled. EU governments
and the Commission have blocked access to crucial documents, notably
from the crucial ‘Code of Conduct Group on Business Taxation’. This has
seriously hampered the EP’s investigation. A number of crucial figures
have also so far not testified to the committee, whilst a number of
contradictions remain, notably from the hearing with EU Commission
President Juncker. The highly questionable roles played by current EU
Commission president Jean Claude Juncker and Eurogroup chair Jeroen
Dijsselbloem – in their positions as prime minister and finance
ministers of the respective countries – also remains unsatisfactorily
addressed. The EP’s investigation must be extended to ensure these gaps
are closed.
« We would also urge the European Commission to already start working on
the preliminary recommendations of the committee and propose the
necessary legislative measures to finally address corporate tax
avoidance and tax dumping in the EU. »
 _________________
Sven Giegold MEP

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